studied today! until I had to work. I just got home, so let’s see how much I remember:
1) Gluckman’s theories of ritual:
- performing an emotion is likely to produce the feelings associated with that emotion, thus ritual can be seen as a way to encourage group solidarity, and to support the morals and values of that society.
- ritual tends to occur in situations of crisis, in which there are conflicting principles that cannot be resolved any other way (ie: judicially or by other intellectual means).
- ritual is a symbolic statement of status, and manifests competition for power.
Gluckman believed that ritual encompassed all of these factors and more, and similarly myth had many aspects; such as the way it can be used to exaggerate the differences between groups. for example, that menstrual blood is believed by some cultures as having occult contiminating effects serves to separate further women from men.
2) key symbols:
each culture has specific key elements which are crucial to its distinctive organisation; these are known as key symbols. key symbols are best defined by the ways in which they are discovered, of which there are two:
- a system is analysed for underlying elements, then a symbol is found which seems to formulate or embody these elements.
- something that seems to be an object of cultural interest/significance is observed and analysed for its meanings.
cultures can have more than one key symbol, even conflicting ones.
3) Hiatt’s views on the symbolism of swallowing and regurgitation:
Hiatt views swallowing and regurgitation in Aboriginal ritual a rite of passage. it transforms the initiate without obliterating his former identity, as digestion would. he sees it as symbolising death and rebirth, as Eliade proposed, but not so much of chaos and creation, which doesn’t seem to be supported in Australia, although it may elsewhere. he also agrees with Rohein’s theory that the purpose of the ritual is to deflect the initiate’s libido from the mother to the father. he was born initially of woman, now he will be born again of man.
yay! I remember it all! I can now safely assume it is firmly embedded in my long term memory and will be until at least tomorrow afternoon, when I need it, especially if I periodically review it as I plan to. I still have to answer and memorise one more question, but will have time for that tomorrow morning.
work today was great fun! as it was very unbusy. there was a new waiter working there for the first time who had worked in a bar before, and he bet me I couldn’t tell the difference between Absolut vodka and some other kind of vodka. so I didn’t look while he poured two shots, and I couldn’t tell the difference! but then he admitted he just mixed them both together. so I tried again and won, because I am the vodka queen.
working again tomorrow night as well as Tuesday. that’s 5 nights in a row! and i’m only supposed to work 3 nights a week! and Leonard asked if I could work the same hours this week! I said yes, because I quite like it. except last night after making champagne cocktails I left the sugar out and lots of ants found it. sillie me.
drinks i’ve learnt to make:
- champagne cocktails, of course: champagne, sugar, bitters.
- classic daiquiri: rum, sugar, limejuice, ice.
- classic margarita: tequila, triple sec, limejuice, sugar, crushed ice.
- martini: gin & vermouth shaken w/ ice, strained & w/ lemonpeel.
- black russian: vodka, kahlua, ice.
- bloody mary: vodka, tomatojuice, lemonjuice, tabasco sauce, worcestershire sauce, pepper (the most fun).
- lemon, lime & bitters: sprite, limejuice, bitters.
and, of course, bourbon&coke, scotch&soda, vodkalime&soda and all the other boring drinks anyone can do. most people order either those or beer or wine. sillie boring people. order fun drinks!